SWAMI KRISHNASHRAM AUSHADHI SANGRAHA
An exhibition of medicinal plants during the Teru of the year 2001 at Chitrapur
The activity of collecting and propagating medicinal plants was started by me with the blessings of H.H. Swami Sadyojat Shankarashram, the Eleventh Guru of Chitrapur Saraswat Guruparampara, in 1998. Planting of Navagrah plants on Panchavati was the first achievement of the Sangrah with kind cooperation of the Chitrapur Math, Shirali.
During the first exhibition of this Sangraha held in February this year at Hubli, it was named after the 7th Guru of the Parampara, Swami Krishnashram, with a faith that He bestows upon the devotees a Nisarganishtha (eco friendly) and Kshem Kari (benevolent) Vidnan.
During the first exhibition and while collecting information on traditional usage, several persons came forward with wonderful information on usage, customs and traditions, and the Sangrah is showing a sign of creating a new awareness of the plant wealth, with the help of these persons.
This exhibition is expected to give following message to the visitors :
* Start learning to identify the useful herbs, plants and trees.
* Do not weed out the useful plants growing wild among other weeds.
* Destroy the harmful flowers like congress grass and communist grass.
* Beautify your house/ office lawns with herbal runners.
* Select herbal and pest repellent plants for hedges.
* Select perennial flower plants & leaf plants used for pooja
which are all medicinal .
* Select herbal cactus, ornamental ferns and creepers to beautify your
* Use your voice to get maximum number of medicinal trees on road
sides and public places.
* See that no harmful plants like Australian acacia are used for
* Make maximum use of herbal preparations in foods and drinks, to
* Make a habit to use homemade herbal preparations suggested herein,
with the help of those who know.
* Contact the persons enlisted in the appendix for more information and for
seeds and plants.
With prayers for well being of all,
2nd April 2001 APARNA S. SIRUR
Acknowledgement with thanks:
Assistance in the exhibition:Saraswat Visionaries Unlimited,Andheri.
Art work:K.P.Rajaram and Gurudatta R.Balwalli,Vidio:Avinash Mallapur
Computer work:Sandeep Kalyanpur,Nagesh Haldipur Bhat
contact tel.nos.Mumbai:Andheri 28388110, ,Mulund :25605333. , Powai 28578885, Bangalore:25726150.
SWAMI KRISHNASHRAM AUSHADHI SANGRAHA
A note to explain some important properties of the plants exhibited:
The well-known varieties of plants are not shown in the exhibition. The medicinal properties of the common plants and for more information and instructions on using them refer the following books and consult the persons enlisted in the appendix.
1) `Rasachandrika` published by Saraswat Mahila Samaj, Gamdevi, Mumbai.(Marathi copy)
2) `Gharguti Aushadhe` by Appasaheb Sathe.
3) `Aushadhi Sangrah` by Vaman Ganesh Desai.
4) ‘Wealth of India` Raw Material – Volume I to XII published by CSIR, New Delhi.
5) `Uttar Kannad Hallaki Okaligaru` published by Naisargik Sampanmul Sanrakshan Samsthe.
6) `Literature compiled by SKAS.,
The botanical names of the plants given in italics will help you trace them in these books. .
1) BILVA ( Belpatri, stone apple ) Aegle marmelos :
Raw leaves or juice or decoction of the leaves is good for diabetes and blood pressure. The Belpatri fruit, bitter in taste should not be mistaken for the sweet kavath (which is inadverdently called Belfal). Fruit pulp roasted or in form of Sarbat or Moramba is given for dysentery and heart ailments. Root paste is applied for herpes.
2) Audumber ( Umber, rumdi, atti ) Ficus glomerata :
Leaf, nodules on the leaf, fruits and Sap Water all are cooling to skin, mouth and stomach, especially in ulcers, measles etc. Raw fruits used as a vegetable and ripe fruits (kept open for half an hour to get rid of flying insects) are very nourishing.
3) AVALO ( Nelli, gooseberry ) Phyllanthus embelica :
The bark decoction is given for jaundice. Fruit is antacid, urine purifier, appetiser and digestant. The moravala or leh (Chavanprash) is a popular tonic. The dried avalo, astringent and taste improver, is used for chewing or in preparation of Kadhi or chutney. Amla is used in hair/ body oils and bathing powders.
4) RAJAVLO ( Kirinelli ) Phyllanthus reticulata :
Fruit is acidic but astringent; root and seed are laxative, fruit is used for chutney and jam.
5) SOMAR ( Somvara, Ghanasar, Nagadanti) Croton oblongifolium :
Bark is a diuretic; paste of the root is very effective in dysentery; application of the root-paste for snake bite, tonsils, herpes and Gandamala is effective. The tree and its parts are used in holistic healing traditions.
6) Teppal ( Tirfal, jimmi ) Xanothoxylum rhetsa :
Root bark decoction is given for chronic indigestion. It is chewed for toothache and tongue affected by a stroke. The dried fruit commonly used in curries is an appetiser and digestant. The big thorn was used to prepare stamping seal by our forefathers.
7) BIRUND ( Murgin hooli, Kokam ) Garcinia indica :
Fresh fruit and juice are antisorbutic, astrigent and cordial, Dried fruits are equally good and used for culinary purposes, particularly in medicinal soups (Virshe). Leaf juice is given for dysentery. The fat of the seed , available as Birundel or Kokam is taken with hot rice for dysentery. Mixed in oil or ghee (one fourth part)the fat becomes soft and on application heals skin cracks.
8) VATAMB ( Vante, hire Kanigu ) Garcinia zenthochymus :
Dried slices of Vatamb fruit are used to replace tamarind in food especially for patients. It improves taste, acidity and it is astringent.
9) KUMBHI ( Kaval ) Careya arborea :
The bark is astringent. Bark paste or decoction is given for dry cough. Fresh sap and flowers are given with honey for cough. The pickled flowers which are big white fragrant and puff like, improves indigestion. Leaves make a good poultice for wounds.
10) KUDA ( Kodsal, Kutaj ) Holarhena antidysenterica :
The root paste improves liver function and is especially given to infants. Fresh root Paste in butter milk is given for dysentery, especially for blood dysentery. The seed is sold as Indrajav. Both the root and seed are important ingredients of Ayurvedic Medicine.
11) ASHOK (Real): (Ashoka of red flowers, laughing Ashok) Sarica indica:
The Sapwood paste is an effective medicine for red leucorrhea. The Kashay of the sapwood is given for inflammation of womb and for bringing about conception.
12) VASO ( Gala, Bamboo ) Bambusa arundinacea :
The tender leaves crushed with Dalcheen is given for blood in phlegm. Tender shoots are used in pickles and as a vegetable, this gives immunity for Naru (guinea worm). Decoction of leaves and tender joints is given after delivery for contraction and cleaning of the uterus. The
medicinal exudation obtained in Stone like form called Vanshalochana, obtained from female Bamboo tree is used in medicinal preparations like Sitopaladi churna.
13) BHENDI RUKU ( Huvarsi, Paraspipal ) Thespasia populnea.
The yellow latex in the fruit is used for making indigenous dyes. For skin diseases and eczema the decoction of bark is given orally and the ash of the ripe fruit is applied after mixing it in oil.
14) PANGARO ( Pongare, Parval, coral tree ) Erythrina indica :
Bark is useful in fever, inflammation; and it is most versatile in properties. It is given in blood dysentery and sleeplessness. Bark paste is applied to eyes in conjunctivitis. The paste of leaves is applied for inflammation, abcess, rheumatism and wounds. Leaf juice is given in V.D. Application of leaf paste cures corns. Leaf decoction is given with coconut milk after delivery for clearing womb and improving lactation, Parboiled rice dough (cooked in leaves like patolis) are given as a patient`s diet. The leaves are relished by rabbits and other animals. The red seeds (ekke) which become hot when rubbed are used in games.
15) Undi ( Honne, Undal ) Calophyllum inophyllum :
The seed of the fruit gives a greenish, thick oil which is used for massage in arthritis and applied to itches and eczemas on body and head, after mixing it in the burnt (mashi of) Mardudhni. Due to the beauty of the tree it is often a popular avenue tree in coastal areas. Due to the insect repellent property, the oil is applied to wood for protection. Undi oil lamps are deemed cooling to eyes.
16) KADSALI ( Halemara, Saptaparni, Satveen) Astonia seblans
This lovely tree with composite leaves of seven leaflets often decorates public gardens and road sides. The Sapwood extract is a preventive for fever, tonic, vermicide, galactagogue and digestive. In dyspepsia the bark powder with rock salt and pepper is taken before retiring in the night. Paste of bark or tender leaves is applied for healing wounds and for rheumatic inflammations. It is believed that the sapwood soaked in buttermilk overnight on Mahalaya (Mhalu) and ground with Sunthi, Salt, Jire and ova in the morning is a preventive for all diseases when taken in small quantities as Naivedya Prasad.
17) PALASH (Palas, Muttaga ) Butea frondosa :
The leaves are tied on boils and inflammations. The root powder or decoction with ghee-sugar and honey respectively is a good tonic. The powder of the flower with crystal sugar is diuretic, and cures all urinary diseases. Fomentation of flowers to stomach and lungs relieves urine flow and congestion respectively. The seed of Palash is used as a wormicide and its paste for eczema. The gum of Palash is a good tonic and medicine for diarrhoea especially for teething in infants.
18) BAPANGI :
The bark is a very effective remedy for jaundice in form of decoction with bark of Jambhul.
19) KHAIR ( Kadara, Khadeer ) Acacia Catechu :
The extraction of the bark, known as kaat is mainly used as one of the ingredients of Panna vido. Kaat cures sore throat and stops formation of phlegm. It is astringent for stomach and uterus. It restores enlargement of spleen and cures chronic fever. The bark decoction is used as a mouth wash to wash bleeding wounds.
20) SHAMI, ( Prosopis spicigua ) :
The leaves of Shami, Khair and Babhul are similar but they differ in size and shape of thorns. The tender pods are used as vegetable in North-West States, but it is a little heavy for digestion. Leaf decoction is taken for diarrhoea.
21) CHANDVAR ( Uppalge, Chandakol ) Ulmania malranga pellata
The big, thin and pointed leaves of Chandakala are used for serving snacks or prasad and a base for making patolis (dough plain or stuffed and steamed in leaves), in Uttar Kannada district. The usage indicates that the leaf is wholesome.
22) NEEM ( Bevu,Kadulimb ) Azadirachta indica :
Leaves, fruits, flowers, seed oil, roots are all used as a cure and for prevention of all types of diseases and disorders. Dry Chutney of leaves and flowers with rock salt, hing, ova and pepper has to be the first thing to be taken on Yugadi day. This chutney is a favourite item of Bengali daily meal. Leaf, kernel and oil cake are used in agriculture as pest repellents and manure. The tree keeps the atmosphere healthy keeping away harmful bacteria, pests and virus. In measles etc. the patient is laid on neem leaves. Neem leaves in bath water and fanning the sick persons with branches is common . All parts are used for application in skin diseases.
23) AMBASTHALI (mase mara)
The practice of using leaves of this tree, ground and made into a Sharbat is prevalent in Manki and Kumta side. It is relishing and cooling. The usage indicates that the leaves are wholesome.
24) NARVEL ( Arani ) Premna integrifolia:
The Narvel leaves are mainly used as postnatal medicine in form of soup (virshe) for contraction of Uterus, for regulating discharge and relieving pain. The soup can be given to normal persons for digestion,and as a preventive for gases and colds.It also protects the Garbha against abortion. The root or leaf paste is used for application and oral dose for Gandamala and inflammation anywhere.
25) RUVA, Purple ( Ekke, Rui,arka ) Calotropis gigantea
The leaves and flowers of both the varieties are used for pooja of Shiva, Hanuman and Devi. Leaves of both varieties are used for fomentation to paining joints. Fomentation of leaves after application of castor oil relieves stomach pain of infants.
26) WHITE RUVA ( Bile ekke, Mandar,Shwetarka ) Calotropis procera :
Root bark, latex, flowers and leaves are used in Ayurvedic Medicines. The latex of both the varieties is harmful to skin, hair and eyes. Hence these parts should be used carefully. Jaggery syrup boiled with flowers and buds is good for chronic cough and asthma. It also improves appetite.
27) HARPUL ( Elvarige, Kala Kasvinda, Kasmard ) Cassia Sophora :
The leaves resemble those of Kiriakshi and Yellow flowers and thin long pods resemble those of Taykilo. It is mostly cultivated in Kitchen gardens in and around Sirsi. The leaves available throughout the year make a relishing tambli. It is an antidote for dysentery, biliousness and tastelessness. The root paste is given for liver trouble and anemia.
28) HODU TAYKILO ( Dodd tagachhe, Dadmardan ) Cassia alata :
The leaf decoction is taken for relief from constipation, cough and for
Improving flow of urine.the paste of leaves is applied in skin diseases.
29) MULTI VITAMIN PLANT ( Chekker manis, shakkar gida ) Sauropus androgynuas :
The plant originally from Kerala has become popular due to its multi purpose qualities. The leaves of high nutritive value contain proteins, digestible fat, carbohydrate and minerals. Used as a vegetable, it relieves you of pain in joints, phlegm, swellings and even leprosy.
30) DHUTRO ( Dhattura, Ummat, thorn apple ) Dhattura stromium :
The hot paste of leaves with ¼ teaspoon edible lime (chuna) is applied
to mumps. Smoke of dried leaves is given for inhaling by asthma
patients. Root, Seed and leaves are used in Ayurvedic medicine. All
parts being poisonous, home made remedies should be made carefully.
31) ERAND ( Castor, Haralu ) Ricinus Communis :
The juice of white stemmed Castor leaves taken for 3 days is a cure
for jaundice. The stem is used for making decoction with Shirkal
and Birund as digestant and relief from gases. The castor seed oil
expressed in ghani is more medicinal. It is cooling, emolient and
healing and hence its use as an ingredient of pickles and chapati
dough is very beneficial.
32) MOGLI ERAND ( Kad haralu ) Jatropha curcas :
The latex of this plant stops bleeding of wounds and helps healing and
protects the wound from bacteria and septic infection. It is also used
for treating itches and ringworm. The oil of this seed is a very strong
purgative and hence should never be used as an oral dose. It can
however be used for massage, application and illumination. The stems
are good gum and mouth cleaners. The root (fresh) ground with pepper,
hing and buttermilk is given in diarrhoea and colic pain. The leaves tied
on the breasts helps lactation.
32) BHELSHE: This shrub resembles Karvand plant, bears bunches of
greenish small flowers which turn into purple sweet cherries in summer. The leaves are used to make Virshe as a tonic and digestant.
34) CHIWAR ( Phalsa ) Grewia asiatica :
The plant bears sweet-sour fruit in summer. The fruit is thirst quenching, febrifuge, antacid and cordial. The leaves used for virshe have similar properties.
35) MANDAR ( Kachnar ) Bauhinia Varigata :
Decoction of bark of the tree is used for washing wounds. Paste of the bark is used for Gandamala.
36) BABHUL ( Babul, Karijali ) Acacia arabica :
The stems are used as a toothbrush. The bark of the plant more than seven years old and after storing for a year is used in medicines. Its decoction is used for mouth wash and gargle for ulcers, week gums and throat problems and for wet cloth treatment to piles. Tender leaf paste is given in diarrhoea. Babulgum is tonic and medicine for kidney stone dry cough and leucorhea.
37) MAKADI ( Goriba, torch tree, Nevali ) Ixora parviflora :
The flowers resemble those of Patkali. These are crushed in milk and given for whooping cough; also garland of these flowers is put around the neck of the patient. The sticks of the plant are used to make torch light (mashal).
38) ADSOGE (Adulsa, Vasaka) Adhatoda Vasika :
The leaf juice with Pimpli powder and crystal sugar taken frequently is the best medicine for cough, asthma, bleeding nose, fever, leucorhea. The paste of the leaves applied to head relieves head ache, bleeding from nose and mouth; its application heals wounds.
39. CHENDU MOGRI (Chendumallige, Hazarmogri, Kari, Bhandeer) Cleroclendran infortunathum :
Powdered dry leaves are given with honey especially to children as a bitter tonic, digestant, antacid, wormicide and febrifuge; leaf juice is given orally and rectal administration for any kind of worms. Root paste in buttermilk is given in colic pain and diarrhoea. The paste is given orally and applied for skin diseases.
40) PATKALI, RED ( Pankul, kempu kusumale, scarlet bush ) Ixora grandiflora :
Leaves, flowers, bark, root and fruits which are sweet and tasty are all medicinal. They are appetising, digestant, diuretic, healing and anteflogistic. The flowers, used for making tambli, chutney or Kadhi, are good for dysentery. Bark paste is applied to boils and for headache on the head. The root paste made in leaf juice cures rash.
41) PATKALI off white ( Bile kusumale, Patakala ) Ixora migricans :
Besides all properties of red Patkali (plant of red flowers) the safron
Tinted white flowered plant has following additional uses :
The powder of dried flowers is given in raw cow milk for loss of Dhatu
to both male and female patients till it is cured. For white sediments in
Urine root paste is given in milk to infants. The root is effective in Chavi
(frequent abortions) and for certain types of cancer.
42) GANDA PATKALI :
The root of this rare plant available and known only to the herb collectors, is very effective for serpent bite. It is believed that this medicine is effective only when given by the family members of traditional mendicants.
PLANTS FOR PEST CONTROL
43) HODI MENDI ( Hole Madarangi, Koynel ) Clerodendrum innerme
This bush is cultivated as a hedge and for beautifying gardens with topiary (pruned into shapes). Children like the nectar of the small white flowers borne throughout the year. The bitter leaf extraction is used as a pest control spray.
44) LANTANA ( Majramuta phool, Chadrangi, Bekkin huvu, Ghaneri) Lantana camara
The indigenous variety is used as a hedge plant. Bunches of flowers and small sweet black berries (relished by children) are borne throughout the year. The smoke generated by burning dried leaves (Fumigation) drives away mosqitoes.
45) NIGUND ( Nirgundi, Lakki, Nukki,three leaf chaste tree)Vitex nigundo: The leaves are a most effective medicine for inflammations, pains and joint pains. It is used in bath water, for steam fomentation, direct fomentation or by massage of oil prepared from leaf juice. This oil is also used as ear drops with honey for curing pus. Leaves are kept in grains for protection from pests. The plant keeps the environment healthy. Nirgundi is also used in oral Ayurvedic medicines.
46) BESHARMI ( Alpavardhini ) Ipomea muricata
The plant grows erect on road sides and bears bell shaped purple flowers throughout the year. The leaves similar to sweet potato leaves make an efficient pest repellent spray in form of paste mixed with water.
47) JAI (Jaji, Jati Jasmin) Jasminum auriculatum:
Flowers and leaves are cooling, skin cleanser, and healing. For mouth blisters, leaves are chewed. Leaf juice
boiled in Sesame Oil is used for ear complaints. Leaf paste heals cracks between toes. Leaf juice is an .ingredient in herbal tea, hair oil and massage oil for infants.
48) Fodi Paan (Villeda Yele, betel leaves, Nagvalli) Piper betel : The leaf contains phenols and terpenes which are more in mature yellow leaves. Fresh leaf is a very efficient appetizer, digestant, expectorant,anteflogestic, analgesic, healing and antibacterial. The leaf with veeda ingredients is very benevolent for keeping good health. The decoction of the stem with ova is an ante dote for vomitting in infants.
49) Tendli ( Tonde, Bimbi ) Cephalandra indica :
Leaves, stems and roots are medicinal. These are astringent for urinary
and genital system and healing for wounds.and for blood discharge in
pregnancy juice of all the parts together (Panchang). The fruit bhaji
is good for diabetics and for mouth blisters. Tambli of the leaves is
good for all these complaints.
50) PADAVALI (Hadeballi,Patha) Cylea burmanti:
The leaf squeezed in water and the water kept in a bowl forms a jelly-like disc which is kept on the eyes and head for relief from burning. The juice can be added to any herbal sherbet in small quantities. The root paste is given for colic pain due to worms.
51. RANGOON VALI : (Bombai Mallige, Rangoon creeper, Madhu malati)
These long stemmed, fragrant flowers have a seed at the bottom of the stem which turns black when dry. These seeds are used for roundworms.
52. Gajago (Gajjige, Sagargota ) Caesalpinia bonducella
Seeds, leaves and roots are used in medicine. The seed kernel is an important item of the root paste ( Balguti) given to new born infants. The seed paste is given to adults in colic pain. Virshe of the leaves is given among the course of virshes given after delivery, to help contraction, cleansing and to regulate bleeding of uterus. A weekly dose of kernel paste in curds keeps the digestive system in condition.
53. Gokarn (Shankhapushpi, Aparajita ) Clitorea terncata
The creeper of the white flowers has more medicinal value than that of the blue flowers one. The leaf paste is applied for the inflammation around the ear. In Ardha shishi the root juice is inhaled. The leaf juice with ginger juice is given for arresting perspiration.
54. SITEKES (Kamalata, Red jesmine ) Ipomea quamoclite
This creeper has needle like composite leaves and small red bellshaped flowers. The leaf paste is applied and leaf juice is given in bleeding piles.
55. GULVEL ( Amrit Balli,Guduchi ) Tinospora cardifolia :
One leaf of this creeper along with one leaf of neem is the best medicine for diabetes. The dried powder of the extract of the thick stems called Gulvel Satva is an important Ayurvedic medicine. It controls flow of bile, improves the function of liver, acidity, chronic dysentery and skin diseases. The decoction of fresh stem is given in any type of fever viz. Flu. Malaria, typhoid and T.B. The fresh juice with crystal sugar cures jaundice in a week.
56. TULSI (Holy basil ) Ocimum sanctum :
Raw leaves ,leaf juice or leaf decoction is an all purpose cure and preventive. The dose should not exceed 4 to 8 leaves so as to avoid heat (Ushna ). The leaves can be added to tea or kashay. The seed soaked in milk like sabja with sugar is cooling and taken in piles.
57. TAYKILO (Tagachhe, Takla ) Cassia tora
Leaves are used fir chutney, tambli and phodi. The seed powder decoction alone or in mixed kashay is a good beverage. Leaves along with flowers taken daily during monsoon when they come up on on road sides and seeds thereafter purifies blood and keeps the skin clear. Application of whole plant paste (including root) cures skin diseases, inflammation, boils and rash.
58. JIRATKADDI ( Chirait, Kadechirait ) Swertia chirata :
The dry or fresh pieces of the whole plant are used for making a bitter decoction. It is taken once in a month as preventive for fevers and digestive disorders
59. SAVSAMBAR ( Savirsambar, ovyache pan, Doddapatre, country borage )
Leaves are used for Tambali, chutney, fried bhuje or butter milk mattha,. The juice of leaves or leaf in kashay is taken for cold, cough and indigestion.
60. MATH ( Arive, Rajgira, Amaranthus ) Amaranthus paniculatus :
There are nine varieties of Amaranthus. All varieties and all parts of the plant are rich, nutritive and medicinal. Rajgira seed is richest in proteins, vitamins and minerals among all other cereals. Hence its regular use as fresh, dried or puffed seeds in vegetable, soups, snacks and ground fresh masala or chutneys is advised. The ash of the leaves mixed in lime juice is a remedy for pimples.
61. TOUCH ME NOT ( Nachake, Lajalu ) Mimosa pundika :
The active principle of the plant helps contraction of blood vessels as it is haemostatic. The root decoction is given to stop blood in dysentery. Leaf powder given with milk is a cure for piles.
62. PASHANBHEDI (Pashanbhed ) Saxifraga ligulata :
The whole plant, consisting of sandlike white flower spikes, leaves, stems and root is used in medicine in form of powder, decoction or juice. The main action of this plant is clearing of urine and dissolving of urinary stones. For infants root paste in milk is given for sediments in urine. The plant is astringent to the stomach. Pashnabedi is an ingredient of traditional morning kashay. It can be added even for making tea.
63. PACHU ( Patchele, Patchouli, Pachi ) Pogostemon pachouli :
This is a blood tonic, diuretic and carminative plant. This is one of five leaves (others : kamkasturi, karate, kakkesoppu and manjapatri ) given as “bonti” to infants,(one leaf each rubbed together between both the palms; administering one drop in the mouth, the wet palms touch the body from head to foot ) as an all purpose preventive. An essential oil- pachouli oil is obtained from an improved variety. Pachu leaves are an ingredient of hair oil and massage oil for infants.
64. KAMKASTURI (Sabja, sweet basil ) Ocimum basilicum:
The leaf juice is a nerve and brain stimulant. It is also given orally and applied to body in flu and high fevers, to cause perspiration and stimulate the senses. The juice is expectorant and helps breathing & blood circulation. The juice works against serpent poison given every four hours after the bite. The juice is given indigestion, worms, dysentery, colic and piles. The leaf paste is applied for scorpion bite. The leaf juice is an ingredient of all types of oils. The tender spikes and leaves crushed in water makes a wholesome sarbat with lime juice and sugar. The seed soaked in milk makes the popular drink ‘faluda’ which is cooling to the digestive system.
65. GONDO (Chendu, Marygold, Zendu ) Calendula officinalis :
The juice of the whole plant is applied for sprain of joints or for injury. The paste of petals of flowers are effective in dysentery and diarrhea. For off season the balls of the paste are dried and stored for use. Juice of the leaves is useful in pain in the ears.
66. HODI NANKERI ( Dodda Nakkeri, Lakheri, Indian rhododendron ) Maelastoma malabathricum : The leaves are used for tambli. It is a mild laxative and diuretic. The tender leaf paste with pepper in gomoothra is given for fistula.
67. AKASH MOGRI ( Madhyan Mallige, Krishna keli, marvel of Peru ) Mirabilis jalapa
The bulb root powder is an ingredient or medicine for piles give in honey or milk. For injury and inflammation the paste of leaves is applied for reducing the pain, for burning of the body caused by indigestion and billiousness leaf juice is applied. The plant of white flowers is deemed superior in properties.
68. THUJA FERN ( Morpankhi, Mayurshikha ) Thuja orientalis :
This ornamental fern seen in gardens is used in preparation of homeopathic medicine. Juice of the leaves can be used for the same indication as those for Thuja mother tincture.
69. DARBHA ( Darbhe,Kusha ) Poa cynosuriodes :
The thick stems of this long erect are used for making sitting mates(Asan) for religious purposes. The thin ones are required for religious rites. The roots are medicinal. They re cooling and diuretic. It is given in dysentery and manorrhagia.
70. FUSKI ( Osadi, Uralgida ) Argeratum conigoides :
Leaf juice is effective in healing of wounds, stops bleeding of fresh wounds and cures skin diseases. Oral dose of half a cup per day is advised in blood piles. It is used in preparation of ointment and massage oil especially as post natal treatment.
71. GORATE, YELLOW (Koranti, Kurantak ) Barleria prionitis :
The leaf juice is given to infants for diarrhea and to the patients suppering from bronchitis. The juice relieves body pain in fever and arthritis. The dried root bark is given in cough. Paste of the root is applied to abscess and tumors, and paste of leaves to soles as preventive for water infection between toes and gum disorders paste of leaves and salt.
72. KANTEMOR ( Uttarne, Apamarg ) Achyranthus asperas
This is one of the navagraha plants ( which are white Ruva, palast, khair, kantemor, pimpal, audumbar, shami, durvi and darbhe respectively for ravi, chandra, mangal, budha, guru, shukra, shani, rahu and kethu.). The condensed decoction of powdered root is given hot in small dosage thrice a day for these indications: indigestion, disorders of liver, gall bladder stone, piles, acidity, peptic ulcer, bronchitis. The roti made adding the seeds reduces body fat. The leaf juice rubbed to gums and filled in cavities cures infections. The stems are used for cleaning teeth.
73. KAYALI (Kirni ) Canthium disymum :
Leaves and root is used as a refrigerant and medicine for menstrual complaints. Leaves ground with rice made into dosa or leaf chutney gives relief from heat. Fruit is relishing.
74. KAKESOPPU ( Kakmachi, Kamoni ) Solanum nigrum :
The leaf is a part of Bonti mentioned at serial 64. The fruit are tasty bu toxic. The whole plant along with flowers and fruits is used for medicinal purposes viz. to cure the malfunction and toxins of liver, dysentery and skin diseases. The leaf bhaji is given for biliousness. One tea- spoon of leaf juice is given to infants twice a day for two days releases constipation.
75. CHIRPUTEL (Bondul, Laxmipriya ) Physelis indica :
The sweet tasty fruit enclosed in a thin baloon like cover is diuretic, carminative and tonic. The root paste is give with honey in asthama.
76. PANFUTI ( Patpate, Ghaymari , Parna beej ) Bryophyllum calycinum :
New plants grow from the corners of this fern leaf. The leaf or its juice is taken for diabetes. Leaf paste application stops bleeding and heals wounds. The burnt leaf (mashi) made in to paste with coconut oil cures burn. To prevent septic to cuts from sharp instruments, 15 leaves with four pepper corns roasted, powdered and mixed in cow ghee is applied.Leaf paste boiled in oil cures sciatica and rhematic pains.One leaf eaten raw with one pepper corn first thing every morning for 3 to 7 days cures urinary stones. The leaves can be used raw for making chutneys or tamblis.
77. HALDUVO DHUTRO (Arasin ummat, suvarna kshiri, Indian poppy ) Argemone maxicana:
This thorny plant is recognized by the yellow delicate flowers and rattling pods containing mustard like seeds. The oil of the seed is used in the well known ‘Jeevadaya Netraprabha’. As a home remedy the latex applied to the eye lids in opthlamia and a drop in the eyes for a mole in the eye is said to be safe. The massage of seed oil and oral dose of leaf juice in milk is advised for lucoderma. The oil is also applied to burning itches and ringworms.
RUNNERS / TINY PLANTS
78. DURVA (Garike, Doob ) Cyndon dactylon :
Juice of the whole herb is a cure for fever, for bleeding from nose due to heat and as a general preventive and tonic. Paste of durva is smeared as a cure for herpes. The paste of durva ground with rice is applied to head for preventing migraine.
79. EKPANI ( Ondelga, Brahmi, Indian pennywort ) Centella asiatica :
In all forms the herb is a good nerve tonic. Raw leaf with crystal sugar cures soar throat of singers. Ekpani chatney is a special item on menu on the next day of Ashadi / Kartik Ekadashi. Ekpani sarbat, syrup and hair oil singly or with other ingredients is wholesome.
80. HONGANNE (Matsyakshi, Koyapa ) Alternanthera sessilis :
Tender leaves with stems and flowers are used as a wholesome and all purpose vegetable. The leaf juice is an ingredient of kajal and hair oil. The virshe of the whole plant is cooling and diuretic. Juice of the plant cures loss of Dhatu both in men and women. The root paste made in goat milk starts flow of urine. In all forms the herb is good for eyes.
81. MANJAPATRI ( Machipatra, Shurpeen, Nagadavna, Indian worm wood ) Artemisia vulgaris : The bitter leaves are vermicide, being the source of santonin, carminative and astringent. Traditionally, leaves ground with betel leaf stem, butter milk, jire, pepper, ova, garlic and salt is taken once in a month to get all this benefits. The leaf juice relief ear pain.
82. TUMBE (Tumba, Drone pushpi ) Leucas cephalotus :
The plant is well known for its tiny ear shaped flowers offered to shiva. The plants are harvested after rainy season, dried and kept for used. The seed yields oil. The plant generates heat and hence it is used with honey, ghee and sugar in medicine. Juice or decoction of the plant is given for cold. In congestion and fever the juice is given with honey, to get relief from chest pain and phlegm. It can be given to children. In headache due to cold the juice drop are inhaled, and for joint pains, inflammation and dry itch it is used for application.
83. BHADRAMUSHTI (Nagarmotha, Lavala) Cyperus scariosus :
This grass is recognised by its straight (4” to 8”) three sided stem bearing a bunch of cream coloured spikes , with grass leaves at the ground level. The nodules at the root are fragrant and medicinal. The root powder and decoction are given for diarrhoea particularly to children for accompanying fever and cough during dentition. Its powder added in daily kashaya gives tonic effect. The concentrate of the decoction quenches thirst. For feeding mothers the root improves lactation and paste application cures breast complaints.
84. AKKALKARA (Akkalbond ) Spilanthes olearacea :
This is an inferior but useful variety of true akklkara. Both are identified by the yellowish boll (bud) and peppery taste of all parts of the plant. Its paste gives relief to inflammation due ti infection in cavities of teeth. The bud powder (2 pinches ) is used with honey for epilepsy of children or for curing the speech defects. For sleeplessness the root piece is held in the mouth. Fever of regular intervals is cured by a couple of stems given in Panna Vido. Application of stem paste along with oral dose of stem powder cures implemation.
85. BHUINANKERI (Naykeri, Nakkeri )
This small plant conspicuous by the adjacent parallel lines and blakish green colour of the leaves. The leaves are used for tambli and other parts in our traditional home remedies.
86. SHIRKALU ( Tilwan ) Gynandropsis pentaphylla :
This herb grows mostly in paddy fields. The seed is harvested and kept for limited sale. The seed used for tambli or solekadhi is carminative and vermicide. Juice of the root with whole plant brings down fever causing perspiration. The decoction of shirkalu with castor stem and birund is given particularly in pregnancy pains to get indication whether pains are false.
87. KAJALMAVU ( Garugad, Bhringraj, Maka ) Eclipta alba :
The whole plant is used for a wholesome, nourishing virhe which restores loss of bloods. The juice of whole plant is an ingredient of hair oil for making the hair strong and black. The juice is given for blood diarrhoen. It improves liver and stomach disorders. It is used in kajal making also.
88. DOODPANKI (Barsu, Nagarjuni ) Euphorbia pillulifera :
Leaves with rava like seeds are used for tambli. This herb is an ingredient of several Ayurvedic medicines. It improves the function of kidneys and disorders of lungs. In acute kidney conditions plenty of leaf juice is given on doctor’s advice.
89. UNDARKAN ( Ilikivi, Akuparni ) Brachyramphus sonchifolius :
Leaves are used for making tambli for digestion.The plant is useful in jaundice and liver complaints. The leaf juice with jyeshthamadh and milk in paste form is given for cough and lactation.
90. PUNARNAVA ( Komme, Adakputtan Beru, Spreading hogweed ) Boerhavia diffusa :
Leaves are used in sambhare or pejje randai. The leaves relieve body pain. The roots clear urine of impurities, hence it is an ingredient of traditional kashay.
91. GOLIBHAJJI ( Nelabasale, Ghol, Purslane ) Portulaca oleracea :
The whole plant is used in sanbare or other preparations. It is cooling, digestant, diuretic and cures inflammation and bleeding.
92. GOJEEBH ( Nelamuchchal, Dagadi, Musulkombu ) Elephantopus scaber
The leaf juice stops blood oozing from fresh wounds. The decoction of the plant with root is given in kidney stone and rise pej cooked in it is given to fever patients. It also cures colic pain.
93. BHUIAVLO ( Nela nelli ) Phyllanthus urinaria :
The roots crushed in milk is given twice a day for jaundice. The decoction of the whole plant is given in malaria and to improve flow of urine. Excessive menstrual discharge is regulated by the roots ground in paste pej. This paste is also applied as poultice to wounds. The juice of the whole plant mixed in oil is used for eyes effected by opthalmia.
94. AMBUTI ( Hulichikka, Nirgoli, Indian sorrel ) Oxalis corniculata :
These pleasantly sour leaves can be used in salads or chatneys. This brings taste to the palate and quenches thirst. The root paste is given and leaf paste is applied to piles. The root paste with honey is given in whooping cough. The leaf juice boiled in hair oil is good for eyes.
94. ALFALFA ( Vilayatighas, lucerngrass )Medicago sativa.
Earlier this grass was grown as an envigorating fodder for horses. Later the leaves came in to the human diet and tonic. And recently the sprouted seed has become a delicacy on the breakfast table as a dressing for sandwiches. The plant is used for make soup or virshe which controls H.B.P.;the tea made of seed very nourishing and 6 to 7 cups of tea per day for two weeks is a cure for arthritis. Juice of the leaves and carrot and lettuce is good for hair growth. The seed can be had any departmental store in big cities.
95. AMARPAN ( Kargosak tea, comptea tea, tea wine ) Combuya orientals
This tea decoction fermented with the above named yeast culture is the ensured to 90 % of ailments. Where other therapies have failed. The culture consists of a soft spongy disc shaped mushroom and previously fermented liquid. A cup of the liquid once or twice a day cures diabetes, blood pressure, ageing, heart and B.P. problem and prevents cancer. Culture and literature is available with us.
97. SAHADEVI ( Sayadevi ) Vernonia cinera :
Juice of leaves given orally and rubbed over the body brings down fever. It also reduces burning of urine and piles. In opthalmia the flower juice is applied. The plant juice is added in preparation of hair oil and whole plant in virshe with other herbs.
98. ASTRALIAN BABHUL (Astralian Acacia ) Acacia auriculifornics :
Because of the truth brush like yellow spikes of this tree it is called toothbrush tree. The pollen ( tiny spokes ) of the spike spread widely by the wind are proved to be carcinogenic and harmful for the respiratory tract. Realising the serious nature of this pollution, people should make the concerned departments to ban the tree for afforestation programmes.
99. CONGRESS GRASS ( Gajar gavat) Parthenium hysterophorus :
Perhaps the tiny white cap like flowers have brought this name to the grass. This harmful plants should be burnt and destroyed to stop pollution.
100. COMMUNIST GRASS Eupatorium odoratum :
This weed grows very fast in U.K. District of Karnataka. Because of similarity of its flower in shape and in doing harm the name is coined by people to rhyme with congress grass. The spokes of both the flowers are carcinogenic and they generate other diseases. To get rid of these harmful flowers they should be picked and burnt. The strong and straight stems of communist grass can however be used for art craft work. It may be mentioned that the sticks used for the tags of the plants are of this grass.
For obtaining plants contact:
Vasant Chandavar,Shirone,Kaikini,N.Kanada Dist,Karnataka,Tel.(08385) 260629
Uday Nilekani,Nilekani,Sirsi,N.Kanada,Karnataka Tel.(08384) 227414
Vandana Mullerpattan,Bangalore (o8o) 23356532